Non-GMO Shopping Guide

Non-GMO Shopping Guide

how to avoid foods made with genetically modified organisms (GMOs)

To learn more about GMOs, consult the books Genetic Roulette: The Documented Health Risks of Genetically Engineered Foods by Jeffrey M. Smith or Your Right to Know: Genetic Engineering and the Secret Changes in Your Food by Andrew Kimbrell. Information on GMOs is also available at and

Copyright February 2010 Center for Food Safety and Institute for Responsible Technology. No part of this booklet may be reproduced in any form without written permission from both parties.
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Introduction & Overview

How to avoid brands made with genetically modified organisms (GMOs)

Genetic Engineering (GE) or Genetic Modification (GM) of food involves the laboratory process of artificially inserting genes into the DNA of food crops or animals. The result is called a genetically modified organism or GMO. GMOs can be engineered with genes from bacteria, viruses, insects, animals, or even humans. Most Americans say they would not eat GMOs if labeled, but unlike most other industrialized countries, the U.S. does not require labeling.

This Non-GMO Shopping Guide is designed to help reclaim your right to know about the foods you are buying, and help you find and avoid GMO foods and ingredients.It does not cover other potentially harmful ingredients, allergens, colors or additives.

Tips for avoiding GM crops


Certified organic products are not allowed to contain any GMOs. Therefore, when you purchase products labeled “100% organic,” “organic,” or “made with organic ingredients,” all ingredients in these products are not allowed to be produced from GMOs. For example, products labeled as “made with organic ingredients” only require 70% of the ingredients to be organic, but 100% must be non-GMO.


Companies may voluntarily label products as “non-GMO.” Some labels state “non-GMO” while others spell out “Made Without Genetically Modified Ingredients.” Products that carry the Non-GMO Project Seal have third party verification as being in compliance with Non-GMO Project standards for GMO avoidance. Some products limit their claim to only one particular “At-Risk” ingredient such as soy lecithin, listing it as “non-GMO.” Look for dairy products labeled ‘No rBGH or rBST,” or “artificial hormone-free.”


Avoid products made with any of the crops that are GM. Most GM ingredients are products made from the “Big Four:” corn, soybeans, canola, and cottonseed, used in processed foods. Some of the most common genetically engineered Big Four ingredients in processed foods are:

  • Corn flour, meal, oil, starch, gluten, and syrup
  • Sweeteners such as fructose, dextrose, and glucose
  • Modified food starch*
  • Soy flour, lecithin, protein, isolate, and isoflavone
  • Vegetable oil* and vegetable protein*


  • Canola oil (also called rapeseed oil)


  • Cottonseed oil *May be derived from other sources

In addition, GM sugar beet sugar recently entered the food supply. Look for organic and non-GMO sweeteners, candy and chocolate products made with 100% cane sugar, evaporated cane juice or organic sugar, to avoid GM beet sugar.


  • Anything not listed as 100% cane sugar


Keep this Guide with you whenever you shop. Store it inside your reusable shopping bag, put into your coupon holder or check book, or leave it in your car.

BOLD with an asterisk * denotes brands with products enrolled in the Non-GMO Project’s third party GMO Avoidance Verification Program.

Learn more at:

Fruits & Vegetables

Very few fresh fruits and vegetables for sale in the U.S. are genetically modified. Novel products such as seedless watermelons are NOT genetically modified. Small amounts of zucchini, yellow crookneck squash, and sweet corn may be GM. The only commercialized GM fruit is papaya from Hawaii— about half of Hawaii’s papayas are GM.

Meat, Fish & Eggs

No genetically modified fish, fowl, or livestock is yet approved for human consumption. However, plenty of non-organic foods are produced from animals raised on GM feed such as grains. Look for wild rather than farmed fish to avoid fish raised on genetically modified feed, and 100% grass-fed animals.

Meat & Fish: Non-GMO
  • Organic Prarie, Tropical Traditions, Vital Choice

Eggs: Non-GMO

  • Nest Fresh Organic
  • Egg Innovations
  • Organic Organic Valley
  • Eggland’s Best Organic
  • Pete and Jerry’s Organic Eggs
  • Horizon Organic
  • Wilcox Farms Organic
  • Land O’Lakes Organic

Alternative Meat products

Many alternative meat products are processed and include ingredients that can be genetically engineered, so give the ingredient lists close attention to avoid the Big Four at-risk ingredients, especially soy.


  • Wildwood
  • 365 Brand (Whole Foods)
  • White Wave
  • Amy’s
  • Woodstock Farms*
  • Bountiful Bean
  • EcoVegan
  • Small Planet Tofu
  •  Sunshine Burger
  • The Simple Soyman
  • Vitasoy

May contain GMO ingredients

  • Boca, unless organic (Kraft)
  • Gardenburger
  • Morningstar Farms, unless organic soy line (Kellogg)

Dairy products & Alternative Dairy products

Some U.S. dairy farms inject the genetically engineered hormone rbGH, also called rbST, into their cows to boost milk production. Organic dairy products are rbGH-free and do not use GM grains as feed. Products with a label that indicates cows free of rbGH or rbST may come from cows fed GM feed. Many alternative dairy products are made from soybeans and may contain GM materials.

Dairy Products: Non-GMO Certified Organic

  • Organic Valley
  • Alta Dena Organics
  • Radiance Dairy
  • Butterworks Farm
  • Safeway Organic Brand
  • Harmony Hills Dairy
  • Seven Stars Farm*
  • Horizon Organic
  • Straus Family Creamery*
  • Morningland Dairy
  • Stonyfield Farm
  • Nancy’s Organic Dairy*
  • Wisconsin Organics
  • Natural by Nature
  • Woodstock Farms*

Produced Without rbGH National

  • Alta Dena
  • Grafton Village Cheese
  • Belgioioso Cheese Inc.
  • Great Hill Dairy
  • Ben & Jerry’s Ice Cream
  • Lifetime Dairy
  • Brown Cow Farm
  • Nancy’s Natural Dairy
  • Crowley Cheese of Vermont
  • Roth Kase USA
  • Dannon
  • Walmart store brand
  • Franklin County Cheese
  • Yoplait

May contain GMO ingredients

  • Colombo (General Mills)
  • Parmalat
  • Kemps , aside from “Select” brand
  • Sorrento
  • Land O’ Lakes
  • The Country’s Best Yoghurt

For regional lists of rbGH-free sources of Dairy Products:

Alternative Dairy Products


  • Belsoy
  • EdenSoy*
  • Imagine Foods/Soy Dream
  • Lisanatti
  • Nancy’s Cultured Soy*
  • Nancy’s Organic Cultured Soy*
  • Organic Valley Soy*
  • Pacific Natural Foods*
  • Silk So Delicious
  • Sun Soy
  • Stonyfield Farm O’Soy
  • Tofutti
  • VitaSoy/Nasoya
  • WestSoy
  • WholeSoy*
  • Wildwood
  • Yves The Good Slice
  • Zen Don

May contain GMO ingredients

  • 8th Continent

Baby Foods & Infant Formula

Milk or soy protein is the basis of most infant formulas. The secret ingredients in these products are often soy or milk from cows injected with rbGH. Many brands also add GMO-derived corn syrup, corn syrup solids, or soy lecithin.


  • Baby’s Only Organic
  • Bella Baby
  • Earth’s Best
  • Gerber
  • Mom Made Meals
  •  Organic Baby*
  • PediaSmart
  • Plum Organics
  • Tastybaby

May contain GMO ingredients

  • Beech-Nut
  • Enfamil
  • Good Start
  • Nestlé
  • Similac/Isomil

BOLD with an asterisk * denotes brands with products enrolled in the Non-GMO Project’s third party GMO Avoidance Verification Program.

Grains, Beans & Pasta

Other than corn, no GM grains are sold on the market. Look for 100-percent wheat pasta, couscous, rice, quinoa, oats, barley, sorghum, and dried beans (except soybeans).


  • Annie’s *
  • Bob’s Red Mill, organic
  • Eden*
  • Field Day*
  • Kamut
  • Lundberg Family Farms*
  • Organic Planet*
  • Sunridge Farms
  • Vita-Spelt pasta

Packaged Meals Non-GMO

  • Amy’s
  • Casbah (Hain-Celestial)
  • Dr. McDougall’s Right Foods
  • Fantastic Foods*
  • Ian’s Natural Foods
  • Lotus Foods
  • Lundberg Farms Rice Sensations*
  • Rising Moon*
  • Seeds of Change organic meals

May Contain GMO Ingredients

  • Betty Crocker (General Mills)
  • Knorr (Unilever)
  • Kraft Macaroni & Cheese
  • Lipton meal packets (Unilever)
  • Near East (Quaker)
  • Pasta Roni & Rice-A-Roni meals (Quaker)

Cereals & Breakfast Bars

Cereals and breakfast bars are very likely to include GMO ingredients, because they are often made with corn and soy products.


  • Annie’s*
  • Ambrosial Granola
  • Barbara’s, organic
  • Cascadian Farms
  • Eden*
  • EnviroKidz*
  • Golden Temple
  • Grandy Oats
  • Health Valley, organic
  • Lundberg Rice Cereal*
  • Nature’s Path*
  • Nonuttin’
  • Omega Smart Bars
  • Peace Cereal Organic
  • Ruth’s Simple Sweets
  • Sunridge Farms

May Contain GMO Ingredients

  • General Mills
  • Kellogg
  • Post (Kraft)
  • Quaker

Baked Goods

While baking ingredients such as wheat flour, rice, kamut, and oats are not genetically modified, many packaged breads an bakery items contain other GMO ingredients such as corn syrup.


  • Arrowhead Mills, organic
  • Bakery on Main
  • Berlin Natural Bakery*
  • Bob’s Red Mill, organic
  • Dr. McDougall’s Right Foods
  • Dr Oetker Organics
  • French Meadow
  • Natural Ovens Bakery, organic
  • Nature’s Path*
  • Rudi’s Organic Bakery
  • Rapunzel
  • Rumford Baking Powder
  • Tumaros*

May Contain GMO Ingredients

  • Aunt Jemima (Pinnacle Foods)
  • Betty Crocker (General Mills)
  • Calumet Baking Powder (Kraft)
  • Duncan Hines (Pinnacle Foods)
  • Hungry Jack (Smucker’s)
  • Pillsbury (Smucker’s)

Frozen Foods


Many frozen foods are highly processed. Keep an eye out for the Big Four at-risk ingredients and stay away from frozen foods that contain them, unless they are marked organic or non-GM.


  • A.C. LaRocco
  • Amy’s Kitchen
  • Cascadian Farms
  • Cedarlane
  • Helen’s Kitchen
  • Ian’s Natural Foods
  • Linda McCartney
  • Mom Made Meals
  • Rising Moon*
  • The Simple Soyman
  • Woodstock Farms*

May Contain GMO Ingredients

  • Boca, unless organic (Kraft)
  • Celeste (Pinnacle Foods)
  • Eggo Waffles (Kellogg)
  • Gardenburger
  • Green Giant (General Mills)
  • Healthy Choice (ConAgra)
  • Kid’s Cuisine (ConAgra)
  • Lean Cuisine (Nestle)
  • Marie Callender’s (ConAgra)
  • Morningstar Farms, unless organic (Kellogg)
  • Rosetto Frozen Pasta (Nestle)
  • Stouffer’s (Nestle)
  • Swanson (Campbell’s)
  • Tombstone (Kraft)
  • Totino’s (Smucker’s)
  • Voila! (Birds Eye/Unilever)



Many soups and sauces are highly processed, so give the ingredient lists close attention to avoid the Big Four at-risk ingredients.

Soups: Non-GMO

  • Amy’s
  • Fantastic Foods*
  • Health Valley/Westbrae
  • Imagine Natural
  • Natural/Hain
  • Rapunzel
  • ShariAnn’s Organics
  • Walnut Acres Certified Organic

May Contain GMO Ingredients

  • Chef Boyardee, Healthy Choice (ConAgra)
  • Campbell’s products (Healthy Request, Chunky, Simply Home, & Pepperidge Farm)
  • Hormel products
  • Progresso Soups(General Mills)

Sauces/Salsas: Non-GMO

  • Amy’s
  • Eden*
  • Emerald Valley Kitchen
  • Field Day*
  • Green Mountain Gringo*
  • Muir Glen Organic
  • Rising Moon*
  • Seeds of Change pasta sauce
  • Walnut Acres pasta sauce
May Contain GMO Ingredients
  • Bertolli (Unilever)
  • Chi-Chi’s (Hormel)
  • Classico (Heinz)
  • Del Monte
  • Healthy Choice (ConAgra)
  • Hunt’s (ConAgra)
  • Old El Paso (General Mills)
  • Pace (Campbell’s)
  • Prego (Campbell’s)
  • Ragu (Unilever)
Canned Food: Non-GMO
  • Amy’s
  • Annie’s*
  • Eden*
  • ShariAnn’s, organic
  • Westbrae, organic
  • Yves Veggie Cuisine (Hain Celestial)
  • Woodstock Farms*

May Contain GMO Ingredients

  • Chef Boyardee
  • Dinty Moore, Stagg, Hormel (Hormel)
  • Franco-American (Campbell’s)

Condiments, Oils, Dressings & Spreads

Unless labeled explicitly, corn, soybean, cottonseed, and canola oils probably contain genetically modified products. Choose pure olive, coconut, sesame, sunflower, safflower, almond, grapeseed, and peanut oils. Also choose preserves, jams, and jellies with cane sugar, not corn syrup.


  • Annie’s Naturals*
  • Bountiful Bean
  • Bragg’s liquid amino
  • Carrington Farms Flax Seed
  • Crofter’s Organic
  • Drew’s salad dressing
  • Eden*
  • Emerald Cove
  • Emerald Valley Kitchen
  • Emperor’s Kitchen*
  • Field Day*
  • Follow Your Heart*
  • Harvest Moon Mushrooms
  • Ian’s Natural Foods
  • I.M. Health SoyNut Butters
  • Kettle Brand*
  • Krazy Ketchup
  • Maranatha Nut Butters
  • Miso Master*
  • Muir Glen, organic ketchup
  • Nasoya
  • Newmans Own Organic
  • Rapunzel
  • Ruth’s
  • Sage Hills Farms
  • Spectrum oils and dressings
  • SushiSonic Condiments*
  • The Simple Soyman
  • Tropical Traditions
  • Vegan by Nature Buttery Spread
  • Vigoa Cuisine
  • Wholemato
  • Wildwood
  • Woodstock Farms*

May Contain GMO Ingredients

  • Crisco (Smucker’s)
  • Del Monte
  • Heinz
  • Hellman’s (Unilever)
  • Kraft condiments and dressings
  • Mazola
  • Pam (ConAgra)
  • Peter Pan (ConAgra)
  • Skippy (Unilever)
  • Smucker’s, unless “Simply 100% Fruit”
  • Wesson (ConAgra)
  • Wish-Bone (Unilever)

Snack Foods

Look for snacks made from wheat, rice, or oats, and ones that use sunflower or safflower oils. There is no GM popcorn on the market, nor is there blue or white GM corn.

Snacks: Non-GMO

  • Annie’s*
  • Barbara’s, organic
  • Bearitos/Little Bear Organics (Hain Celestial)
  • Earthly Treats
  • Eco-Planet
  • Eden*
  • Field Day*
  • Garden of Eatin’
  • Grandy Oats
  • Hain Pure Snax/Hain Pure Foods
  • Health Valley
  • Ian’s Natural Foods
  • Kettle Brand*
  • Kopali Organics
  • Late July Organic Snacks
  • Mary’s Gone Crackers*
  • Nature’s Path*
  • Namaste Foods
  • Newman’s Own Organics
  • Newman’s Own, except salad dressings
  • Peeled Snacks
  • Plum Organics Tots
  • Rapunzel
  • Revolution Foods
  • Ruth’s
  • Simple Sweets
  • Sunridge Farms
  • Tasty Brand
  • Woodstock Farms*

May Contain GMO Ingredients

  • FritoLay (Lay’s, Ruffles, Doritos,Cheetos, Tostitos)
  • Hostess
  • Keebler (Kellogg’s)
  • Kraft (Nabisco, Nilla Wafers, Oreos, Ritz, Nutter Butter, Honey Maid, SnackWells, Teddy Grahams, Wheat Thins, Triscuit)
  • Pepperidge Farm (Campbell’s)
  • Pringles
  • Quaker Oats


Energy Bars: Non-GMO

  • Clif Bar
  • Divine Foods
  • Genisoy Bars
  • GoodOnYa Bar
  • Lara Bar
  • Luna Bar
  • Macrobars
  • MacroLife Naturals
  • Nature’s Path*
  • Nutiva
  • Odwalla
  • Optimum Energy Bar
  • Organic Food Bar
  • Ruth’s
  • Weil by Nature’s Path Organic

May Contain GMO Ingredients

  • Balance Bar
  • Nature Valley (General Mills)
  • Nabisco Bars (Kraft)
  • PowerBar (Nestle)
  • Quaker Granola

Candy, Chocolate Products & Sweeteners

Many sweeteners, and products like candy and chocolate that contain them, can come from GMO sources. Look for organic and non-GMO sweeteners, candy and chocolate products made with 100% cane sugar, evaporated cane juice or organic sugar to avoid GM beet sugar, and watch out for soy lecithin in chocolates and corn syrup in candies.

The sweetener aspartame is derived from GM microorganisms. It is also referred to as NutraSweet® and Equal® and is found in over 6,000 products, including soft drinks, gum, candy, desserts, yogurt, tabletop sweeteners, and some pharmaceuticals such as vitamins and sugar-free cough drops.

Chocolate: Non-GMO

  • Chocolove
  • Endangered Species*
  • Green & Black’s Organic
  • Kopali Organics
  • Lindt Chocolate
  • Newman’s Own
  • Nonuttin’
  • Rapunzel
  • Woodstock Farms*

May Contain GMO Ingredients

  • Ghirardelli Chocolate
  • Hershey’s
  • Nestlé (Crunch, Kit Kat,Smarties)
  • Toblerone (Kraft)

Candy: Non-GMO

  • Pure Fun Confections
  • Reed’s Ginger Candy, organic
  • St. Claire Organic
  • Sunridge Farms
  • Woodstock Farms*

May Contain GMO Ingredients

  • Hershey’s
  • Jelly Belly
  • Lifesaver (Kraft)
  • Nestlé

Sweetners: Non-GMO

  • Eden* Sweet Cloud*
  • Tropical Traditions
  • Woodstock Farms*

Sodas, Juices & Other Beverages

Most juices are made from GMO-free fruit (avoid papaya though, as it could be GMO), but the prevalence of corn-based sweeteners—e.g. high-fructose corn syrup—in fruit juices is cause for concern. Many sodas are primarily comprised of water and corn syrup. Look for 100-percent juice blends.


  • After the Fall
  • Big Island Organics
  • Blue Sky
  • Cascadian Farm
  • Crofters Organic
  • Eden*
  • Field Day*
  • Frey Vineyards
  • Mixerz All Natural Cocktail Mixers
  • Nancy’s Organic Lowfat Kefir
  • Odwalla
  • Organic Valley
  • PediaSmart
  • Quinoa Gold
  • R.W. Knudsen, organic (Smucker’s)
  • Santa Cruz Organic (Smucker’s)
  • Sea20 Organic Energy Drink
  • Teeccino Herbal Caffe
  • Walnut Acres Organic Juices
  • Woodstock Farms*

May Contain GMO Ingredients

  • Coca-Cola (Fruitopia, Minute Maid, Hi-C, NESTEA)
  • Hansen Beverage Company
  • Hawaiian Punch (Procter and Gamble)
  • Kraft (Country Time, Kool-Aid, Crystal Light, Capri Sun, Tang)
  • Libby’s (Nestlé)
  • Ocean Spray
  • Pepsi (Tropicana, Frappuccino, Gatorade, SoBe, Dole)
  • Sunny Delight (Procter and Gamble)

NOTE: This guide was compiled based on company statements, not genetic testing. Any product labeled as Non-GMO indicates that its manufacturing process is designed to avoid GMOs, but consumers should be aware that GM contamination is possible due to natural pollen movement, weather events, seed contamination, or human error.

Hence there is no guarantee such products are 100% free of GMOs.

Center for Food Safety’s participation in this guide does not necessarily imply endorsement of any of the products or labels listed in this guide.

Invisible GM ingredients

Processed foods often have hidden GM sources (unless they are organic or declared non-GMO). The following are ingredients that may be made from GMOs.

Aspartame, also called
NutraSweet®, Equal
Spoonful®, Canderel®,
BeneVia®, E951
baking powder
canola oil (rapeseed)
caramel color
citric acid
cobalamin (Vit. B12)
condensed milk
confectioners sugar
corn flour
corn gluten
corn masa
corn meal
corn oil
corn sugar
corn syrup
food starch
fructose (any form)
glutamic acid
glycerol monooleate
high fructose corn
syrup (HFCS)
hydrogenated starch
hydrolyzed vegetable
inverse syrup
invert sugar
lactic acid
malt syrup
malt extract
milk powder
milo starch
modified food starch
modified starch
mono and diglyceride
glutamate (MSG)
oleic acid
phytic acid
protein isolate
soy flour
soy isolates
soy lecithin
soy milk
soy oil
soy protein
soy protein isolate
soy sauce
stearic acid
sugar (unless cane)
teriyaki marinade
textured vegetable
tocopherols (Vit E)
vegetable fat
vegetable oil
Vitamin B12
Vitamin E
whey powder
xanthan gumAscorbic acid (Vitamin
C) although usually
derived from corn, is
probably not GM
because it is not
likely made in North

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